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WROCLAW, POLAND, EUROPEAN CAPITAL OF CULTURE 2016 WROCŁAW, EUROPEJSKA STOLICA KULTURY "Wroclaw
is a very big city on the Odra river, with splendidly decorated public
and private buildings." Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini, Pope Pius
II (1458 -1464)
If Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 - 1543), Polish astronomer and father of modern science, knew photography, he could say:
fine art photography is 'the summit of the liberal arts and most worthy of a free man'.
Two-storey Collegiate Church of the Holy Cross (upper) and St.
Bartholomew (lower), Cathedral Island (Ostrów Tumski), Wroclaw, Poland.
Nicolas Copernicus was appointed as a canon of the Roman Catholic
Church (member of chapter) and scholastic (titular scholar supervisor)
at the Collegiate Church of the Holy Cross in the years 1503 -
nimirum, ingenuarum artium caput, dignissima homine libero, Omnibus
fere mathematices speciebus fulcitur. Arithmetica, geometrica, optice,
geodesia, mechanica. et si quae sint aliae, omnes ad illam sese
conferunt. At cum omnium bonarum artium sit abstraherea vitiis et
hominis mentem ad meliora dirigere, haec praeter incredibilem animi
voluptatem abundantius id praestare potest. Nicolai Copernici Torinensis De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, Liber Primus, Præfatio Authoris
the summit of the liberal arts and most worthy of a free man, it is
supported by almost all the branches of mathematics. Arithmetic,
geometry, optics, surveying, mechanics and whatever others there are
all contribute to it. Although all the good arts serve to draw man's
mind away from vices and lead it toward better things, this function
can be more fully performed by this art, which also provides
extraordinary intellectual pleasure.Nicolaus Copernicus, On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres, Book One, Introduction.
Monument to Nicolaus Copernicus by Leon Podsiadly, 1974, at the entrance to the Nicolaus Copernicus Park in Wroclaw, Poland